A mobility plan is a document that describes the strategies, measures and actions put in place to encourage more sustainable and environmentally-friendly mobility. It aims to optimise the movement of people and goods, while reducing the environmental, social and economic impact of mobility.
Mobility will be a major challenge for our society in the years to come, being the main source of CO2 emissions in Switzerland (38% of total emissions in 2021). This impact will inevitably have to be reduced if we are to achieve the emission reduction targets set by the Confederation.
Against this backdrop, some cantons have adapted their legislative framework, such as the canton of Fribourg, via its law on mobility (LMob), which came into force on 1 January 2023. Under the terms of this law, "every company and public administration with more than 50 employees (full-time equivalents throughout the year) shall have a mobility plan to define and optimise the journeys it makes (art. 49 al. 1)".
This approach makes it possible to respond to the following challenges:
- Environmental responsibility and reducing CO2 emissions
- Optimisation of parking spaces
- Management of the business vehicle fleet
- Reducing mobility-related costs
- Improving the quality of life of employees and the attractiveness of the company
- Compliance with the legal framework
This study looks at the organisation's internal factors, such as regulations and the allocation of parking spaces, as well as external factors such as the availability of public transport, the time taken to travel to key points, traffic load, etc. Finally, it identifies the habits of employees and the journeys they make to and from work. Finally, it serves to identify the habits of employees and the journeys they make from home to work. The aim of this analysis is to gain an overview of mobility, modal split, distances travelled and means of transport used. This stage involves collecting data on mobility, which will be done by analysing existing documents and regulations, by an online questionnaire to employees and by a discussion with certain key people in the company to understand its needs.
While the analysis section provides an overview of the current situation in terms of mobility, the realization of the mobility plan should make it possible to identify the appropriate measures in the given context. This phase culminates in the mobility plan itself. This must be validated by management and lead to a series of concrete actions. This second phase is carried out jointly with an internal working group within the organisation, as employee involvement is essential to guarantee acceptance of the proposed measures and thus facilitate their implementation. The mobility plan submitted to management includes a list of suggestions, a possible action plan, the organisation required for implementation and suggestions for communication.
Implementation of the mobility plan will depend heavily on the actions envisaged and other constraints. It will necessarily involve communicating the objectives internally, adapting existing regulations and then implementing the action plan.
The mobility plan must propose attractive solutions that are suitable for as many people as possible. The aim is to improve general satisfaction and minimise constraints and directives.
Climate Services offers SMEs, municipalities, foundations and other public-sector bodies comprehensive support, from analysis of the current situation to implementation of the mobility plan.